Python is a popular general-purpose, open-source programming language that was designed to let programmers develop logical code, with a dedication to significant whitespace and readability. Python is known for having less cluttered grammar and syntax than other languages. It runs freely on Mac, Windows and Unix systems, and has been ported to Java and .NET virtual machines, making it easy to work with and execute. Python can also be extended using C or C++.
Python was created by Guido van Rossum who interestingly named it after his favorite television show, Monty Python’s Flying Circus, a 1970s BBC comedy series. The interpreted object-oriented language allows coders to use multiple programming styles to create programs, both simple and more complex. Python’s developers had a specific philosophy that stressed beauty and readability in the code as well as simplicity over complexity. Additionally, the language’s developers wanted it to be fun for programmers to use.
Though the original development of the language was led by van Rossum in the late 80s and it was released in 1991, people have just come to know and use it more recently. Today, the Python Software Foundation continues to develop the language and make improvements to it, though as an open-source language, anyone can use it, even for commercial applications.
To make Python’s code easy for coding, it has a notable feature where the source statements are indented offering ready-made classes, dynamic data types, and interfaces to system calls and libraries.
Unlike other programming languages, Python doesn’t have all of its functionality built into its core, which makes it highly scalable and extensible. Its compact modularity is one reason for its popularity when adding a programmable interface to an existing application.
Python can also be considered both a glue and a scripting language and is used for creating dynamic web content and web applications as well as for connecting existing components together. It is supported by several 2D and 3D imaging programs which enable users to create custom plugins and extensions.
The scripts written using Python are parsed and run immediately. They can be saved as a compiled program used for programming modules and can also be referred to by other Python programs.
Created by a team that wanted Python to be fun and simple to use, this lightheartedness is reflected in the language’s syntax, grammar, name, tutorials, and reference materials. Ranked highly on the Tiobe index of programming popularity in early 2019, it appears that within the next few years, Python may soon takeover Java and C as the most popular programming language.
Python provides programmers with increased productivity, with easy debugging and less code maintenance. Since its code is shorter than other comparable codes, it offers fast development time and is an ideal language for first-time coders. Python comes included in Mac OS X machines and Linux distributions.
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